Spratly Islands Geography Profile 2018

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LocationSoutheastern Asia, group of reefs and islands in the South China Sea, about two-thirds of the way from southern Vietnam to the southern Philippines
Geographic coordinates8 38 N, 111 55 E
Map referencesSoutheast Asia
Areatotal: less than 5 sq km
land: less than 5 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes 100 or so islets, coral reefs, and sea mounts scattered over an area of nearly 410,000 sq km (158,000 sq mi) of the central South China Sea
Area - comparativeland area is about seven times the size of the National Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline926 km
Maritime claimsNA
Terrainsmall, flat islands, islets, cays, and reefs
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Southwest Cay 6 m
Natural resourcesfish, guano, undetermined oil and natural gas potential
Land useagricultural land: 0%
arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 0%
other: 100% (2011 est.)
Natural hazardstyphoons; numerous reefs and shoals pose a serious maritime hazard
Environment - current issuesChina's use of dredged sand and coral to build artificial islands harms reef systems; illegal fishing practices indiscriminately harvest endangered species, including sea turtles and giant clams
Geography - notestrategically located near several primary shipping lanes in the central South China Sea; includes numerous small islands, atolls, shoals, and coral reefs

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018