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South Sudan Geography Profile 2018

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LocationEast-Central Africa; south of Sudan, north of Uganda and Kenya, west of Ethiopia
Geographic coordinates8 00 N, 30 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 644,329 sq km
land: NA
water: NA
Area - comparativemore than four times the size of Georgia; slightly smaller than Texas
Land boundariestotal: 6,018 km
border countries (6): Central African Republic 1,055 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 714 km, Ethiopia 1,299 km, Kenya 317 km, Sudan 2,158 km, Uganda 475 km
note: South Sudan-Sudan boundary represents 1 January 1956 alignment; final alignment pending negotiations and demarcation; final sovereignty status of Abyei Area pending negotiations between South Sudan and Sudan
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatehot with seasonal rainfall influenced by the annual shift of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone; rainfall heaviest in upland areas of the south and diminishes to the north
Terrainplains in the north and center rise to southern highlands along the border with Uganda and Kenya; the White Nile, flowing north out of the uplands of Central Africa, is the major geographic feature of the country; The Sudd (a name derived from floating vegetation that hinders navigation) is a large swampy area of more than 100,000 sq km fed by the waters of the White Nile that dominates the center of the country
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: White Nile 381 m
highest point: Kinyeti 3,187 m
Natural resourceshydropower, fertile agricultural land, gold, diamonds, petroleum, hardwoods, limestone, iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver
Land useagricultural land: 100%
arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 100%
forest: 0%
other: 0%
Irrigated land1,000 sq km (2012)
Population distributionclusters found in urban areas, particularly in the western interior and around the White Nile
Geography - notelandlocked; The Sudd is a vast swamp in South Sudan, formed by the White Nile, comprising more than 15% of the country's total area; it is one of the world's largest wetlands

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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