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Korea, South Geography Profile 2018

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LocationEastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea
Geographic coordinates37 00 N, 127 30 E
Map referencesAsia
Areatotal: 99,720 sq km
land: 96,920 sq km
water: 2,800 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Pennsylvania; slightly larger than Indiana
Land boundariestotal: 237 km
border countries (1): North Korea 237 km
Coastline2,413 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm; between 3 nm and 12 nm in the Korea Strait
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: not specified
Climatetemperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter; cold winters
Terrainmostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 282 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m
highest point: Halla-san 1,950 m
Natural resourcescoal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential
Land useagricultural land: 18.1%
arable land 15.3%; permanent crops 2.2%; permanent pasture 0.6%
forest: 63.9%
other: 18% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land7,780 sq km (2012)
Population distributionwith approximately 70% of the country considered mountainous, the country's population is primarily concentrated in the lowland areas, where density is quite high; Gyeonggi Province in the northwest, which surrounds the capital of Seoul and contains the port of Incheon, is the most densely populated province; Gangwon in the northeast is the least populated
Natural hazardsoccasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common in southwest
volcanism: Halla (1,950 m) is considered historically active although it has not erupted in many centuries
Environment - current issuesair pollution in large cities; acid rain; water pollution from the discharge of sewage and industrial effluents; drift net fishing
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notestrategic location on Korea Strait; about 3,000 mostly small and uninhabited islands lie off the western and southern coasts

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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