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Solomon Islands Geography Profile 2018

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LocationOceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea
Geographic coordinates8 00 S, 159 00 E
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 28,896 sq km
land: 27,986 sq km
water: 910 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Maryland
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline5,313 km
Maritime claimsmeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Climatetropical monsoon; few temperature and weather extremes
Terrainmostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Popomanaseu 2,335 m
Natural resourcesfish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel
Land useagricultural land: 3.9%
arable land 0.7%; permanent crops 2.9%; permanent pasture 0.3%
forest: 78.9%
other: 17.2% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km NA (2012)
Population distributionmost of the population lives along the coastal regions; about one in five live in urban areas, and of these some two-thirds reside in Honiara, the largest town and chief port
Natural hazardstropical cyclones, but rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earthquakes, tremors, and volcanic activity; tsunamis
volcanism: Tinakula (851 m) has frequent eruption activity, while an eruption of Savo (485 m) could affect the capital Honiara on nearby Guadalcanal
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion; many of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notestrategic location on sea routes between the South Pacific Ocean, the Solomon Sea, and the Coral Sea; on 2 April 2007 an undersea earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale occurred 345 km WNW of the capital Honiara; the resulting tsunami devastated coastal areas of Western and Choiseul provinces with dozens of deaths and thousands dislocated; the provincial capital of Gizo was especially hard hit

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018