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Solomon Islands Demographics Profile

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Population
685,097 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 32.99% (male 116,397/female 109,604)
15-24 years: 19.82% (male 69,914/female 65,874)
25-54 years: 37.64% (male 131,201/female 126,681)
55-64 years: 5.04% (male 17,844/female 16,704)
65 years and over: 4.51% (male 14,461/female 16,417) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 77.6
youth dependency ratio: 71.1
elderly dependency ratio: 6.5
potential support ratio: 15.3 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 23.5 years
male: 23.2 years
female: 23.7 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
1.84% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
23.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
3.8 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 24.7% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.91% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
82,000 HONIARA (capital) (2018)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 104.3 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
22.6 years (2015 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 13.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 15.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 76.2 years
male: 73.5 years
female: 79 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.97 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
29.3% (2015)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 95% of population
rural: 67.1% of population
total: 73.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 5% of population
rural: 32.9% of population
total: 26.4% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 95.6% of population
rural: 22% of population
total: 39.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 4.4% of population
rural: 78% of population
total: 60.9% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: malaria
Nationality
noun: Solomon Islander(s)
adjective: Solomon Islander
Ethnic groups
Melanesian 95.3%, Polynesian 3.1%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 0.3% (2009 est.)
Religions
Protestant 73.4% (Church of Melanesia 31.9%, South Sea Evangelical 17.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 11.7%, United Church 10.1%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.5%), Roman Catholic 19.6%, other Christian 2.9%, other 4%, unspecified 0.1% (2009 est.)
Languages
Melanesian pidgin (in much of the country is lingua franca), English (official but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population), 120 indigenous languages
Literacy
Education expenditures
9.9% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate
104 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
16.2% (2015)
Health expenditures
4.7% (2017)
Physicians density
0.19 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
1.4 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
22.5% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020