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Slovenia Geography Profile 2018

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Locationsouth Central Europe, Julian Alps between Austria and Croatia
Geographic coordinates46 07 N, 14 49 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 20,273 sq km
land: 20,151 sq km
water: 122 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundariestotal: 1,211 km
border countries (4): Austria 299 km, Croatia 600 km, Hungary 94 km, Italy 218 km
Coastline46.6 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
ClimateMediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east
Terraina short southwestern coastal strip of Karst topography on the Adriatic; an alpine mountain region lies adjacent to Italy and Austria in the north; mixed mountains and valleys with numerous rivers to the east
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 492 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Triglav 2,864 m
Natural resourceslignite, lead, zinc, building stone, hydropower, forests
Land useagricultural land: 22.8%
arable land 8.4%; permanent crops 1.3%; permanent pasture 13.1%
forest: 62.3%
other: 14.9% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land60 sq km (2012)
Population distributiona fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations; pockets in the mountainous northwest exhibit less density than elsewhere
Natural hazardsflooding; earthquakes
Environment - current issuesSava River polluted with domestic and industrial waste; pollution of coastal waters with heavy metals and toxic chemicals; forest damage from urban air pollution and resulting acid rain
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notedespite its small size, this eastern Alpine country controls some of Europe's major transit routes

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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