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Slovakia Geography Profile 2017

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LocationCentral Europe, south of Poland
Geographic coordinates48 40 N, 19 30 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 49,035 sq km
land: 48,105 sq km
water: 930 sq km
Area - comparativeabout one and a half times the size of Maryland; about twice the size of New Hampshire
Land boundariestotal: 1,611 km
border countries (5): Austria 105 km, Czech Republic 241 km, Hungary 627 km, Poland 541 km, Ukraine 97 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatetemperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
Terrainrugged mountains in the central and northern part and lowlands in the south
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 458 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Bodrok River 94 m
highest point: Gerlachovsky Stit 2,655 m
Natural resourceslignite, small amounts of iron ore, copper and manganese ore; salt; arable land
Land useagricultural land: 40.1%
arable land 28.9%; permanent crops 0.4%; permanent pasture 10.8%
forest: 40.2%
other: 19.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land869 sq km (2012)
Population distributiona fairly even distribution throughout most of the country; slightly larger concentration in the west in proximity to the Czech border
Natural hazardsNA
Environment - current issuesair pollution from metallurgical plants presents human health risks; acid rain damaging forests
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notelandlocked; most of the country is rugged and mountainous; the Tatra Mountains in the north are interspersed with many scenic lakes and valleys

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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