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Sint Maarten Geography Profile 2018

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LocationCaribbean, located in the Leeward Islands (northern) group; Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin in the Caribbean Sea; Sint Maarten lies east of the US Virgin Islands
Geographic coordinates18 4 N, 63 4 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 34 sq km
land: 34 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin
Area - comparativeone-fifth the size of Washington, DC
Land boundariestotal: 16 km
border countries (1): Saint Martin (France) 16 km
Coastline58.9 km (for entire island)
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical marine climate, ameliorated by northeast trade winds, results in moderate temperatures; average rainfall of 150 cm/year; hurricane season stretches from July to November
Terrainlow, hilly terrain, volcanic origin
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Flagstaff 383 m
Natural resourcesfish, salt
Population distributionmost populous areas are Lower Prince's Quarter (north of Philipsburg), followed closely by Cul de Sac
Natural hazardssubject to hurricanes from July to November
Environment - current issuesscarcity of potable water (increasing percentage provided by desalination); inadequate solid waste management; pollution from construction, chemical runoff, and sewage harms reefs
Geography - notethe northern border is shared with the French overseas collectivity of Saint Martin; together, these two entities make up the smallest landmass in the world shared by two self-governing states

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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