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Singapore Geography Profile 2018

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LocationSoutheastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia
Geographic coordinates1 22 N, 103 48 E
Map referencesSoutheast Asia
Areatotal: 719.2 sq km
land: 709.2 sq km
water: 10 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline193 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined in treaties and practice
Climatetropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - northeastern monsoon (December to March) and southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms
Terrainlowlying, gently undulating central plateau
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m
highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m
Natural resourcesfish, deepwater ports
Land useagricultural land: 1%
arable land 0.9%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 3.3%
other: 95.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the urbanization is along the southern coast, with relatively dense population clusters found in the central areas
Natural hazardsflash floods
Environment - current issuesindustrial pollution; limited natural freshwater resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notefocal point for Southeast Asian sea routes; consists of about 60 islands, by far the largest of which is Pulau Ujong; land reclamation has removed many former islands and created a number of new ones

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018