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Singapore Demographics Profile

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Population
6,209,660 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 12.8% (male 406,983/female 387,665)
15-24 years: 15.01% (male 457,190/female 474,676)
25-54 years: 50.73% (male 1,531,088/female 1,618,844)
55-64 years: 10.58% (male 328,024/female 328,808)
65 years and over: 10.89% (male 310,123/female 366,259) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 34.5
youth dependency ratio: 16.5
elderly dependency ratio: 18
potential support ratio: 5.6 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 35.6 years
male: 35.4 years
female: 35.7 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
1.73% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
8.9 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
3.6 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
11.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 100% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 1.39% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
5.935 million SINGAPORE (capital) (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 95.5 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
30.5 years (2015 est.)
median age
Infant mortality rate
total: 2.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 86 years
male: 83.3 years
female: 88.9 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
0.87 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.2% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
7,900 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population (2015 est.)
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Nationality
noun: Singaporean(s)
adjective: Singapore
Ethnic groups
Chinese 74.3%, Malay 13.4%, Indian 9%, other 3.2% (2018 est.)

note: individuals self-identify; the population is divided into four categories: Chinese, Malay (includes indigenous Malays and Indonesians), Indian (includes Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, or Sri Lankan), and other ethnic groups (includes Eurasians, Caucasians, Japanese, Filipino, Vietnamese)

Religions
Buddhist 33.2%, Christian 18.8%, Muslim 14%, Taoist 10%, Hindu 5%, other 0.6%, none 18.5% (2015 est.)
Languages
English (official) 36.9%, Mandarin (official) 34.9%, other Chinese dialects (includes Hokkien, Cantonese, Teochew, Hakka) 12.2%, Malay (official) 10.7%, Tamil (official) 3.3%, other 2% (2015 est.)

note: data represent language most frequently spoken at home

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.3%
male: 98.9%
female: 95.9% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2018)
Education expenditures
2.9% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate
8 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
4.4% (2017)
Physicians density
2.29 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
2.5 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
6.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020