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Seychelles Geography Profile 2018

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Locationarchipelago in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar
Geographic coordinates4 35 S, 55 40 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 455 sq km
land: 455 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline491 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climatetropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May)
TerrainMahe Group is volcanic with a narrow coastal strip and rocky, hilly interior; others are coral, flat, elevated reefs
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Morne Seychellois 905 m
Natural resourcesfish, coconuts (copra), cinnamon trees
Land useagricultural land: 6.5%
arable land 2.2%; permanent crops 4.3%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 88.5%
other: 5% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land3 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmore than three-quarters of the population lives on the main island of Mahe; Praslin contains less than 10%; a smaller percent on La Digue and the outer islands
Natural hazardslies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are rare; occasional short droughts
Environment - current issueswater supply depends on catchments to collect rainwater
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notesmallest African country; the constitution of the Republic of Seychelles lists 155 islands: 42 granitic and 113 coralline; by far the largest island is Mahe, which is home to about 90% of the population and the site of the capital city of Victoria

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018