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Serbia Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
7,078,110 (July 2018 est.)

note: does not include the population of Kosovo

Age structure
0-14 years: 14.35% (male 523,473 /female 492,339)
15-24 years: 11.19% (male 408,379 /female 383,385)
25-54 years: 41.27% (male 1,475,243 /female 1,445,935)
55-64 years: 14.21% (male 485,849 /female 520,126)
65 years and over: 18.98% (male 557,307 /female 786,074) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 49.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 24.9 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 24.3 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 4.1 (2015 est.)

note: data include Kosovo

Median age
total: 42.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 41.2 years
female: 44.5 years
Population growth rate
-0.47% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
13.6 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 56.3% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: -0.07% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

note: data include Kosovo

Major cities - population
1.394 million BELGRADE (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.9 years (2014 est.)

note: data do not cover Kosovo or Metohija

Infant mortality rate
total: 5.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 6.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 73 years
female: 79 years
Total fertility rate
1.44 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
58.4% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
3,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 98.9% of population
total: 99.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 1.1% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 98.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 94.2% of population (2015 est.)
total: 96.4% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 1.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 5.8% of population (2015 est.)
total: 3.6% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: intermediate (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016)
Nationality
noun: Serb(s)
adjective: Serbian
Ethnic groups
Serb 83.3%, Hungarian 3.5%, Romani 2.1%, Bosniak 2%, other 5.7%, undeclared or unknown 3.4% (2011 est.)

note: most ethnic Albanians boycotted the 2011 census; Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 5–11% of Serbia's population

Religions
Orthodox 84.6%, Catholic 5%, Muslim 3.1%, Protestant 1%, atheist 1.1%, other 0.8% (includes agnostics, other Christians, Eastern, Jewish), undeclared or unknown 4.5% (2011 est.)

note: most ethnic Albanians boycotted the 2011 census

Languages
Serbian (official) 88.1%, Hungarian 3.4%, Bosnian 1.9%, Romani 1.4%, other 3.4%, undeclared or unknown 1.8% (2011 est.)

note: Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, and Ruthenian (Rusyn) are official in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina; most ethnic Albanians boycotted the 2011 census

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.8%
male: 99.5%
female: 98.2% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2017)
Education expenditures
3.9% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate
12 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
1.8% (2014)
Health expenditures
9.4% (2015)
Physicians density
3.13 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
5.7 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
21.5% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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