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Serbia Demographics Profile 2018

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Population7,111,024
note: does not include the population of Kosovo (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 14.5% (male 531,524/female 499,715)
15-24 years: 11.26% (male 413,046/female 387,697)
25-54 years: 41.32% (male 1,483,392/female 1,454,931)
55-64 years: 14.49% (male 496,944/female 533,329)
65 years and over: 18.43% (male 541,569/female 768,877) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 49.2
youth dependency ratio: 24.9
elderly dependency ratio: 24.3
potential support ratio: 4.1
note: data include Kosovo (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 42.6 years
male: 40.9 years
female: 44.3 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate-0.46% (2017 est.)
Birth rate9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate13.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 55.8% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.29% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
note: data include Kosovo
Major cities - populationBELGRADE (capital) 1.182 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth27.9 years
note: data do not cover Kosovo or Metohija (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 5.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.7 years
male: 72.8 years
female: 78.8 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.44 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate58.4% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate<.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS2,700 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<100 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 98.9% of population
total: 99.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 1.1% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 98.2% of population
rural: 94.2% of population
total: 96.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.8% of population
rural: 5.8% of population
total: 3.6% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Serb(s)
adjective: Serbian
Ethnic groupsSerb 83.3%, Hungarian 3.5%, Romani 2.1%, Bosniak 2%, other 5.7%, undeclared or unknown 3.4% (2011 est.)
note: Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 5–11% of Serbia's population
ReligionsOrthodox 84.6%, Catholic 5%, Muslim 3.1%, Protestant 1%, atheist 1.1%, other 0.8% (includes agnostics, other Christians, Eastern religionists, Jewish), undeclared or unknown 4.5% (2011 est.)
LanguagesSerbian (official) 88.1%, Hungarian 3.4%, Bosnian 1.9%, Romani 1.4%, other 3.4%, undeclared or unknown 1.8%
note: Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, and Ruthenian (Rusyn) are official in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (2011 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.8%
male: 99.5%
female: 98.2% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2015)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 36,141
percentage: 4% (2005 est.)
Education expenditures4.2% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate17 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.8% (2014)
Health expenditures10.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.46 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density5.4 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.5% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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