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Sao Tome and Principe Geography Profile 2018

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LocationCentral Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, just north of the Equator, west of Gabon
Geographic coordinates1 00 N, 7 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 964 sq km
land: 964 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativemore than five times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline209 km
Maritime claimsmeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)
Terrainvolcanic, mountainous
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pico de Sao Tome 2,024 m
Natural resourcesfish, hydropower
Land useagricultural land: 50.7%
arable land 9.1%; permanent crops 40.6%; permanent pasture 1%
forest: 28.1%
other: 21.2% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land100 sq km (2012)
Population distributionSao Tome, the capital city, has roughly a quarter of the nation's population; Santo Antonio is the largest town on Principe; the northern areas of both islands have the highest population densities
Natural hazardsflooding
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe smallest country in Africa; the two main islands form part of a chain of extinct volcanoes and both are mountainous

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018