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Samoa Geography Profile 2017

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LocationOceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand
Geographic coordinates13 35 S, 172 20 W
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 2,831 sq km
land: 2,821 sq km
water: 10 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Rhode Island
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline403 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October)
Terraintwo main islands (Savaii, Upolu) and several smaller islands and uninhabited islets; narrow coastal plain with volcanic, rugged mountains in interior
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Silisili 1,857 m
Natural resourceshardwood forests, fish, hydropower
Land useagricultural land: 12.4%
arable land 2.8%; permanent crops 7.8%; permanent pasture 1.8%
forest: 60.4%
other: 27.2% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardsoccasional typhoons; active volcanism
volcanism: Savai'I Island (elev. 1,858 m), which last erupted in 1911, is historically active
Environment - current issuessoil erosion, deforestation, invasive species, overfishing
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - noteoccupies an almost central position within Polynesia

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017