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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Geography Profile 2018

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LocationCaribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates13 15 N, 61 12 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344 sq km)
land: 389 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativetwice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline84 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Climatetropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Terrainvolcanic, mountainous
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: La Soufriere 1,234 m
Natural resourceshydropower, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 25.6%
arable land 12.8%; permanent crops 7.7%; permanent pasture 5.1%
forest: 68.7%
other: 5.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land10 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the population is concentrated in and around the capital of Kingstown
Natural hazardshurricanes; La Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat
volcanism: La Soufriere (1,234 m) on the island of Saint Vincent last erupted in 1979; the island of Saint Vincent is part of the volcanic island arc of the Lesser Antilles that extends from Saba in the north to Grenada in the south
Environment - current issuespollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas, pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is comprised of 32 islands and cays

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018