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Saint Pierre and Miquelon Geography Profile 2018

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LocationNorthern North America, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada)
Geographic coordinates46 50 N, 56 20 W
Map referencesNorth America
Areatotal: 242 sq km
land: 242 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups
Area - comparativeone and half times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline120 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatecold and wet, with considerable mist and fog; spring and autumn are often windy
Terrainmostly barren rock
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m
Natural resourcesfish, deepwater ports
Land useagricultural land: 8.7%
arable land 8.7%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 12.5%
other: 78.8% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the population is found on Saint Pierre Island; a small settlement is located on the north end of Miquelon Island
Natural hazardspersistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard
Environment - current issuesrecent test drilling for oil in waters around Saint Pierre and Miquelon may bring future development that would impact the environment
Geography - notevegetation scanty; the islands are actually part of the northern Appalachians along with Newfoundland

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018