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Saint Martin Geography Profile 2018

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LocationCaribbean, located in the Leeward Islands (northern) group; French part of the island of Saint Martin in the Caribbean Sea; Saint Martin lies east of the US Virgin Islands
Geographic coordinates18 05 N, 63 57 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 54.4 sq km
land: 54.4 sq km
water: negligible
Area - comparativemore than one-third the size of Washington, DC
Land boundariestotal: 16 km
border countries (1): Sint Maarten 16 km
Coastline58.9 km (for entire island)
Climatetemperature averages 27-29 degrees Celsius all year long; low humidity, gentle trade winds, brief, intense rain showers; hurricane season stretches from July to November
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pic du Paradis 424 m
Natural resourcessalt
Population distributionmost of the population is found along the coast, with a largest concentrations around the capital Marigot, Orleans, and Grand-Case
Natural hazardssubject to hurricanes from July to November
Environment - current issuesfreshwater supply is dependent on desalination of sea water
Geography - notethe southern border is shared with Sint Maarten, a country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands; together, these two entities make up the smallest landmass in the world shared by two self-governing states

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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