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Saint Lucia Geography Profile 2018

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LocationCaribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates13 53 N, 60 58 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 616 sq km
land: 606 sq km
water: 10 sq km
Area - comparativethree and a half times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline158 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climatetropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season January to April, rainy season May to August
Terrainvolcanic and mountainous with broad, fertile valleys
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Gimie 948 m
Natural resourcesforests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential
Land useagricultural land: 17.4%
arable land 4.9%; permanent crops 11.5%; permanent pasture 1%
forest: 77%
other: 5.6% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land30 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the population is found on the periphery of the island, with a larger concentration in the north around the capital of Castries
Natural hazardshurricanes
volcanism: Mount Gimie (948 m), also known as Qualibou, is a caldera on the west of the island; the iconic twin pyramidal peaks of Gros Piton (771 m) and Petit Piton (743 m) are lava dome remnants associated with the Soufriere volcano; there have been no historical magmatic eruptions, but a minor steam eruption in 1766 spread a thin layer of ash over a wide area; Saint Lucia is part of the volcanic island arc of the Lesser Antilles that extends from Saba in the north to Grenada in the south
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion, particularly in the northern region
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), striking cone-shaped peaks south of Soufriere, are one of the scenic natural highlights of the Caribbean

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018