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Saint Kitts and Nevis Geography Profile 2018

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LocationCaribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates17 20 N, 62 45 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq km; Nevis 93 sq km)
land: 261 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline135 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climatetropical, tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Terrainvolcanic with mountainous interiors
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m
Natural resourcesarable land
Land useagricultural land: 23.1%
arable land 19.2%; permanent crops 0.4%; permanent pasture 3.5%
forest: 42.3%
other: 34.6% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land8 sq km (2012)
Population distributionpopulation clusters are found in the small towns located on the periphery of both islands
Natural hazardshurricanes (July to October)
volcanism: Mount Liamuiga (1,156 m) on Saint Kitts, and Nevis Peak (985 m) on Nevis, are both volcanoes that are part of the volcanic island arc of the Lesser Antilles, which extends from Saba in the north to Grenada in the south
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion and silting affects marine life on coral reefs; water pollution from uncontrolled dumping of sewage
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notesmallest country in the Americas and Western Hemisphere; with coastlines in the shape of a baseball bat and ball, the two volcanic islands are separated by a 3-km-wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits in the center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister island

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018