Flag of Congo, Republic of the

Congo, Republic of the Geography Profile 2018

Home > Factbook > Countries > Congo, Republic of the

LocationCentral Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon
Geographic coordinates1 00 S, 15 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 342,000 sq km
land: 341,500 sq km
water: 500 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Montana
Land boundariestotal: 5,008 km
border countries (5): Angola 231 km, Cameroon 494 km, Central African Republic 487 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,229 km, Gabon 2,567 km
Coastline169 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); persistent high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator
Terraincoastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 430 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Berongou 903 m
Natural resourcespetroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, gold, magnesium, natural gas, hydropower
Land useagricultural land: 31.1%
arable land 1.6%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 29.3%
forest: 65.6%
other: 3.3% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land20 sq km (2012)
Population distributionthe population is primarily located in the south, in and around the capital of Brazzaville
Natural hazardsseasonal flooding
Environment - current issuesair pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; tap water is not potable; deforestation
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - noteabout 70% of the population lives in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, or along the railroad between them

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

Geography Comparison