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Puerto Rico Demographics Profile 2018

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Population3,351,827 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.77% (male 270,656/female 258,073)
15-24 years: 13.71% (male 233,667/female 225,812)
25-54 years: 38.1% (male 607,954/female 669,149)
55-64 years: 12.93% (male 198,720/female 234,713)
65 years and over: 19.48% (male 281,413/female 371,670) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 49.6
youth dependency ratio: 27.9
elderly dependency ratio: 21.7
potential support ratio: 4.6 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.5 years
male: 39.5 years
female: 43.2 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate-1.74% (2017 est.)
Birth rate8.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate8.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-16.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 93.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.03% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationSAN JUAN (capital) 2.463 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.83 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 6.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 80.9 years
male: 77.6 years
female: 84.4 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.22 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 93.6% of population
rural: 93.6% of population
total: 93.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.4% of population
rural: 6.4% of population
total: 6.4% of population (2001 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.3% of population
rural: 99.3% of population
total: 99.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.7% of population
rural: 0.7% of population
total: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesnote: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)
adjective: Puerto Rican
Ethnic groupswhite 75.8%, black/African American 12.4%, other 8.5% (includes American Indian, Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, and others), mixed 3.3%
note: 99% of the population is Latino (2010 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
LanguagesSpanish, English
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.3%
male: 92.8%
female: 93.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 15 years (2014)
Education expenditures6.4% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate14 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018