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Puerto Rico Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
3,294,626 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 15.25% (male 256,866 /female 245,518)
15-24 years: 13.39% (male 224,434 /female 216,664)
25-54 years: 37.99% (male 595,818 /female 655,890)
55-64 years: 13.14% (male 198,577 /female 234,490)
65 years and over: 20.23% (male 286,630 /female 379,739) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 49.6 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 27.9 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 21.7 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 4.6 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 42.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 40.2 years
female: 43.9 years
Population growth rate
-1.7% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
8 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
8.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 93.6% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: -0.14% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
2.451 million SAN JUAN (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 6.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 6.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.6 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 81 years (2018 est.)
male: 77.7 years
female: 84.5 years
Total fertility rate
1.21 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 93.6% of population
rural: 93.6% of population
total: 93.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 6.4% of population
rural: 6.4% of population
total: 6.4% of population (2001 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.3% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 99.3% of population (2015 est.)
total: 99.3% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

Nationality
noun: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)
adjective: Puerto Rican
Ethnic groups
white 75.8%, black/African American 12.4%, other 8.5% (includes American Indian, Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, and others), mixed 3.3% (2010 est.)

note: 99% of the population is Latino

Religions
Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
Languages
Spanish, English
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.3%
male: 92.8%
female: 93.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 17 years (2015)
Education expenditures
6.1% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate
21 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Physicians density
2.89 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019