Paracel Islands Geography Profile 2018

Home > Factbook > Countries > Paracel Islands

LocationSoutheastern Asia, group of small islands and reefs in the South China Sea, about one-third of the way from central Vietnam to the northern Philippines
Geographic coordinates16 30 N, 112 00 E
Map referencesSoutheast Asia
Areatotal: ca. 7.75 sq km
land: ca. 7.75 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeland area is about 13 times the size of the National Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline518 km
Maritime claimsNA
Terrainmostly low and flat
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Rocky Island 14 m
Natural resourcesnone
Land useagricultural land: 0%
arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 0%
other: 100% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Population distributiona population of over 1,000 Chinese resides on Woody Island, the largest of the Paracels; there are scattered Chinese garrisons on some other islands
Natural hazardstyphoons
Environment - current issuesChina's use of dredged sand and coral to build artificial islands harms reef systems; ongoing human activities, including military operations, infrastructure construction, and tourism endangers local ecosystem including birds, fish, marine mammals, and marine reptiles
Geography - notecomposed of 130 small coral islands and reefs divided into the northeast Amphitrite Group and the western Crescent Group

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018