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Papua New Guinea Demographics Profile 2018

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Population6,909,701 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 33.43% (male 1,175,934/female 1,133,882)
15-24 years: 19.92% (male 697,463/female 678,680)
25-54 years: 36.89% (male 1,309,843/female 1,238,972)
55-64 years: 5.49% (male 193,273/female 185,931)
65 years and over: 4.28% (male 148,802/female 146,921) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 67.4
youth dependency ratio: 61.3
elderly dependency ratio: 6.1
potential support ratio: 16.4 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 23.1 years
male: 23.2 years
female: 23.1 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.71% (2017 est.)
Birth rate23.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate6.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 13.1% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.42% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationPORT MORESBY (capital) 345,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.06 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 36.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 39.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 32.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 67.3 years
male: 65.1 years
female: 69.7 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate3.03 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.9% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS46,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,100 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 88% of population
rural: 32.8% of population
total: 40% of population
urban: 12% of population
rural: 67.2% of population
total: 60% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 56.4% of population
rural: 13.3% of population
total: 18.9% of population
urban: 43.6% of population
rural: 86.7% of population
total: 81.1% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Papua New Guinean(s)
adjective: Papua New Guinean
Ethnic groupsMelanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
ReligionsRoman Catholic 27%, Protestant 69.4% (Evangelical Lutheran 19.5%, United Church 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10%, Pentecostal 8.6%, Evangelical Alliance 5.2%, Anglican 3.2%, Baptist 2.5%, other Protestant 8.9%), Baha'i 0.3%, indigenous beliefs and other 3.3% (2000 census)
LanguagesTok Pisin (official), English (official), Hiri Motu (official), some 839 indigenous languages spoken (about 12% of the world's total); many languages have fewer than 1,000 speakers
note: Tok Pisin, a creole language, is widely used and understood; English is spoken by 1%-2%; Hiri Motu is spoken by less than 2%
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 64.2%
male: 65.6%
female: 62.8% (2015 est.)
People - notethe indigenous population of Papua New Guinea (PNG) is one of the most heterogeneous in the world; PNG has several thousand separate communities, most with only a few hundred people; divided by language, customs, and tradition, some of these communities have engaged in low-scale tribal conflict with their neighbors for millennia; the advent of modern weapons and modern migrants into urban areas has greatly magnified the impact of this lawlessness
Education expendituresNA
Maternal mortality rate215 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight27.9% (2010)
Health expenditures4.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.3% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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