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Palau Geography Profile 2018

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LocationOceania, group of islands in the North Pacific Ocean, southeast of the Philippines
Geographic coordinates7 30 N, 134 30 E
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 459 sq km
land: 459 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly more than 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline1,519 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Climatetropical; hot and humid; wet season May to November
Terrainvarying topography from the high, mountainous main island of Babelthuap to low, coral islands usually fringed by large barrier reefs
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Ngerchelchuus 242 m
Natural resourcesforests, minerals (especially gold), marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Land useagricultural land: 10.8%
arable land 2.2%; permanent crops 4.3%; permanent pasture 4.3%
forest: 87.6%
other: 1.6% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the population is located on the southern end of the main island of Babelthuap
Natural hazardstyphoons (June to December)
Environment - current issuesinadequate facilities for disposal of solid waste; threats to the marine ecosystem from sand and coral dredging, illegal fishing practices, and overfishing
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notewesternmost archipelago in the Caroline chain, consists of six island groups totaling more than 300 islands; includes World War II battleground of Beliliou (Peleliu) and world-famous Rock Islands

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018