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Pakistan Demographics Profile

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Population
233,500,636 (July 2020 est.)

note: provisional results of Pakistan's 2017 national census estimate the country's total population to be 207,774,000

Age structure
0-14 years: 36.01% (male 42,923,925/female 41,149,694)
15-24 years: 19.3% (male 23,119,205/female 21,952,976)
25-54 years: 34.7% (male 41,589,381/female 39,442,046)
55-64 years: 5.55% (male 6,526,656/female 6,423,993)
65 years and over: 4.44% (male 4,802,165/female 5,570,595) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 64.4
youth dependency ratio: 57.2
elderly dependency ratio: 7.1
potential support ratio: 14 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 22 years
male: 21.9 years
female: 22.1 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
2.07% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
27.4 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
6.2 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 37.2% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 2.53% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
16.094 million Karachi, 12.642 million Lahore, 3.462 million Faisalabad, 2.237 million Rawalpindi, 2.229 million Gujranwala, 1.129 million ISLAMABAD (capital) (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 103.9 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
23.6 years (2017/18 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 52.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 55.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 48.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 69.2 years
male: 67.2 years
female: 71.3 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
3.6 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
34.2% (2017/18)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.1% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
190,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
6,800 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 94.2% of population
rural: 89.9% of population
total: 91.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 5.8% of population
rural: 10.1% of population
total: 8.5% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 82.5% of population
rural: 62.9% of population
total: 70.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 17.5% of population
rural: 37.1% of population
total: 29.9% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
animal contact diseases: rabies
note: widespread ongoing transmission of a respiratory illness caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is occurring throughout Pakistan; as of 10 November 2020, Pakistan has reported a total of 341,753 cases of COVID-19 or 1,547 cumulative cases of COVID-19 per 1 million population with 31 cumulative deaths per 1 million population; the Government of Pakistan will permit commercial outbound passenger flights from all international airports except Gwadar and Turbat effective 30 May 2020, but inbound passenger flights remain suspended; limited domestic flight operations from five major airports – Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, and Quetta are available; on 7 May 2020, the Government of Pakistan announced an ease in some of the nationwide lockdown restrictions; additionally, the Islamabad Capital Territory and Sindh, Punjab, Balochistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces have varying degrees of lockdowns
Nationality
noun: Pakistani(s)
adjective: Pakistani
Ethnic groups
Punjabi 44.7%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.4%, Sindhi 14.1%, Saraiki 8.4%, Muhajirs 7.6%, Balochi 3.6%, other 6.3%
Religions
Muslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.)
Languages
Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashto (alternate name, Pashtu) 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 59.1%
male: 71.1%
female: 46.5% (2015)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 8 years
male: 9 years
female: 8 years (2018)
Education expenditures
2.9% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
140 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
23.1% (2018)
Health expenditures
2.9% (2017)
Physicians density
1 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
0.6 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
8.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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