Flag of Pakistan

Pakistan Demographics Profile 2019

Home > Factbook > Countries > Pakistan

Population
207,862,518 (July 2017 est.) (July 2018 est.)

note: provisional results of Pakistan's 2017 national census estimate the country's total population to be 207,774,000

Age structure
0-14 years: 30.76% (male 32,828,078 /female 31,118,626)
15-24 years: 20.94% (male 22,446,320 /female 21,076,265)
25-54 years: 38.04% (male 41,021,803 /female 38,039,766)
55-64 years: 5.7% (male 5,979,712 /female 5,871,574)
65 years and over: 4.56% (male 4,399,926 /female 5,080,448) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 65.3 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 57.9 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 7.4 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 13.5 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 24.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 24.1 years
female: 24.2 years
Population growth rate
1.41% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
21.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 36.9% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 2.53% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
15.741 million Karachi, 12.188 million Lahore, 3.385 million Faisalabad, 2.196 million Rawalpindi, 2.169 million Gujranwala, 1.095 million ISLAMABAD (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
23.6 years (2017/18 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 50.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 53.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 47.1 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 68.4 years (2018 est.)
male: 66.4 years
female: 70.5 years
Total fertility rate
2.55 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
34.2% (2017/18)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.1% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
160,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
6,400 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 93.9% of population
rural: 89.9% of population
total: 91.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 6.1% of population
rural: 10.1% of population
total: 8.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 83.1% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 51.1% of population (2015 est.)
total: 63.5% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 16.9% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 48.9% of population (2015 est.)
total: 36.5% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)
animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)
Nationality
noun: Pakistani(s)
adjective: Pakistani
Ethnic groups
Punjabi 44.7%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.4%, Sindhi 14.1%, Saraiki 8.4%, Muhajirs 7.6%, Balochi 3.6%, other 6.3%
Religions
Muslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.)
Languages
Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashto (alternate name, Pashtu) 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 57.9%
male: 69.5%
female: 45.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 8 years
male: 9 years
female: 8 years (2017)
Education expenditures
2.8% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
140 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
23.1% (2018)
Health expenditures
2.7% (2015)
Physicians density
0.98 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density
0.6 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
8.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

Demographics Comparison