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Pakistan Demographics Profile 2018

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Population204,924,861 (July 2017 est.)
note: provisional results of Pakistan's 2017 national census estimate the country's total population to be 207,774,000
Age structure0-14 years: 31.36% (male 33,005,623/female 31,265,463)
15-24 years: 21.14% (male 22,337,897/female 20,980,455)
25-54 years: 37.45% (male 39,846,417/female 36,907,683)
55-64 years: 5.57% (male 5,739,817/female 5,669,495)
65 years and over: 4.48% (male 4,261,917/female 4,910,094) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 65.3
youth dependency ratio: 57.9
elderly dependency ratio: 7.4
potential support ratio: 13.5 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 23.8 years
male: 23.7 years
female: 23.8 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.43% (2017 est.)
Birth rate21.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-1.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 39.7% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.77% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationKarachi 16.618 million; Lahore 8.741 million; Faisalabad 3.567 million; Rawalpindi 2.506 million; Multan 1.921 million; ISLAMABAD (capital) 1.365 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth23.4 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012/13 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 52.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 55.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 48.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 68.1 years
male: 66.1 years
female: 70.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.62 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate35.4% (2012/13)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS130,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths5,500 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 93.9% of population
rural: 89.9% of population
total: 91.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.1% of population
rural: 10.1% of population
total: 8.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 83.1% of population
rural: 51.1% of population
total: 63.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 16.9% of population
rural: 48.9% of population
total: 36.5% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Pakistani(s)
adjective: Pakistani
Ethnic groupsPunjabi 44.7%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.4%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.4%, Muhajirs 7.6%, Balochi 3.6%, other 6.3%
ReligionsMuslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.)
LanguagesPunjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashto (alternate name, Pashtu) 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 57.9%
male: 69.5%
female: 45.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 8 years
male: 9 years
female: 7 years (2015)
Education expenditures2.7% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate178 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight31.6% (2012)
Health expenditures2.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.81 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density0.6 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate8.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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