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Oman Demographics Profile 2018

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Population3,424,386 (July 2017 est.)
note: immigrants make up almost 45% of the total population, according to UN data (2017)
Age structure0-14 years: 30.1% (male 528,554/female 502,272)
15-24 years: 18.69% (male 335,764/female 304,207)
25-54 years: 43.8% (male 864,858/female 635,006)
55-64 years: 3.92% (male 71,477/female 62,793)
65 years and over: 3.49% (male 58,561/female 60,894) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 32.4
youth dependency ratio: 29.4
elderly dependency ratio: 3.1
potential support ratio: 32.6 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 25.6 years
male: 26.6 years
female: 24.2 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate2.03% (2017 est.)
Birth rate24 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate3.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 78.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.17% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationMUSCAT (capital) 838,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.38 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.99 male(s)/female
total population: 1.19 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 12.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.7 years
male: 73.7 years
female: 77.7 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.82 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate29.7% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 95.5% of population
rural: 86.1% of population
total: 93.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4.5% of population
rural: 13.9% of population
total: 6.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97.3% of population
rural: 94.7% of population
total: 96.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.7% of population
rural: 5.3% of population
total: 3.3% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Omani(s)
adjective: Omani
Ethnic groupsArab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
ReligionsMuslim 85.9%, Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5%, Buddhist 0.8%, Jewish <0.1%, other 1%, unaffiliated 0.2% (2010 est.)
note: Omani citizens represent approximately 60% of the population and are overwhelming Muslim (Ibadhi and Sunni sects each constitute about 45% and Shia about 5%); Christians, Hindus, and Buddhists accounting for roughly 5% of Omani citizens
LanguagesArabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93%
male: 96.6%
female: 86% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 15 years (2015)
Education expenditures5% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate17 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight9.7% (2014)
Health expenditures3.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.54 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density1.7 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate27% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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