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Oman Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
4,613,241 (July 2017 est. est.)

note: immigrants make up approximately 45% of the total population (2017)

Age structure
0-14 years: 30.1% (male 539,202 /female 512,416)
15-24 years: 18.26% (male 334,784 /female 303,172)
25-54 years: 44.15% (male 886,080 /female 656,734)
55-64 years: 3.94% (male 73,233 /female 64,450)
65 years and over: 3.55% (male 60,354 /female 63,691) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 32.4 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 29.4 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 3.1 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 32.6 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 25.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 26.8 years
female: 24.5 years
Population growth rate
2% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
23.7 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
3.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 85.4% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 5.25% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
1.502 million MUSCAT (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.35 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/female
total population: 1.18 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 12.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 12.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.1 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 73.9 years
female: 78 years
Total fertility rate
2.8 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
29.7% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.2% (2018)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
3,200 (2018)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
100 (2018)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 95.5% of population
rural: 86.1% of population
total: 93.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 4.5% of population
rural: 13.9% of population
total: 6.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 97.3% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 94.7% of population (2015 est.)
total: 96.7% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 2.7% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 5.3% of population (2015 est.)
total: 3.3% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Omani(s)
adjective: Omani
Ethnic groups
Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
Religions
Muslim 85.9%, Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5%, Buddhist 0.8%, Jewish <0.1%, other 1%, unaffiliated 0.2% (2010 est.)

note: Omani citizens represent approximately 56.4% of the population and are overwhelming Muslim (Ibadhi and Sunni sects each constitute about 45% and Shia about 5%); Christians, Hindus, and Buddhists account for roughly 5% of Omani citizens

Languages
Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Swahili, Urdu, Indian dialects
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.1%
male: 97.4%
female: 93.2% (2017 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2016)
Education expenditures
6.7% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
19 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
9.7% (2014)
Health expenditures
3.8% (2015)
Physicians density
1.97 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
1.6 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
27% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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