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Northern Mariana Islands Geography Profile

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LocationOceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines
Geographic coordinates15 12 N, 145 45 E
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 464 sq km

land: 464 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: consists of 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian
Area - comparative2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundariestotal: 0 km
Coastline1,482 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October
Terrainthe southern islands in this north-south trending archipelago are limestone, with fringing coral reefs; the northern islands are volcanic, with active volcanoes on several islands
Elevation extremeshighest point: unnamed elevation on Agrihan 965 m

lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Natural resourcesarable land, fish
Land useagricultural land: 6.6% (2018 est.)

arable land: 2.2% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 2.2% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 2.2% (2018 est.)

forest: 65.5% (2018 est.)

other: 27.9% (2018 est.)
Irrigated land1 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardsactive volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially August to November)
Geography - notestrategic location in the North Pacific Ocean

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on September 18, 2021