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Northern Mariana Islands Geography Profile

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Location
Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines
Geographic coordinates
15 12 N, 145 45 E
Map references
Oceania
Area
total: 464 sq km
land: 464 sq km
water: 0 sq km

note: consists of 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian

Area - comparative
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
total: 0 km
Coastline
1,482 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October
Terrain
the southern islands in this north-south trending archipelago are limestone, with fringing coral reefs; the northern islands are volcanic, with active volcanoes on several islands
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation on Agrihan 965 m
Natural resources
arable land, fish
Land use
agricultural land: 6.6% (2011 est.)
arable land: 2.2% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 2.2% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 2.2% (2011 est.)
forest: 65.5% (2011 est.)
other: 27.9% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land
1 sq km (2012)
Population distribution
approximately 90% of the population lives on the island of Saipan
Natural hazards
active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially August to November)
Environment - current issues
contamination of groundwater on Saipan may contribute to disease; clean-up of landfill; protection of endangered species conflicts with development
Geography - note
strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020