Flag of Northern Mariana Islands

Northern Mariana Islands Geography Profile 2018

Home > Factbook > Countries > Northern Mariana Islands

LocationOceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines
Geographic coordinates15 12 N, 145 45 E
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 464 sq km
land: 464 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: consists of 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian
Area - comparative2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline1,482 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October
Terrainthe southern islands in this north-south trending archipelago are limestone, with fringing coral reefs; the northern islands are volcanic, with active volcanoes on several islands
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation on Agrihan 965 m
Natural resourcesarable land, fish
Land useagricultural land: 6.6%
arable land 2.2%; permanent crops 2.2%; permanent pasture 2.2%
forest: 65.5%
other: 27.9% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land1 sq km (2012)
Population distributionapproximately 90% of the population lives on the island of Saipan
Natural hazardsactive volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially August to November)
Environment - current issuescontamination of groundwater on Saipan may contribute to disease; clean-up of landfill; protection of endangered species conflicts with development
Geography - notestrategic location in the North Pacific Ocean

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018