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Korea, North Demographics Profile

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Population25,831,360 (July 2021 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Korean(s)

adjective: Korean
Ethnic groupsracially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese

major-language sample(s):
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Religionstraditionally Buddhist and Confucianist, some Christian and syncretic Chondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way)

note: autonomous religious activities now almost nonexistent; government-sponsored religious groups exist to provide illusion of religious freedom
Age structure0-14 years: 20.33% (male 2,680,145/female 2,571,334)

15-24 years: 14.39% (male 1,873,814/female 1,842,269)

25-54 years: 43.77% (male 5,671,900/female 5,633,861)

55-64 years: 11.77% (male 1,454,000/female 1,585,830)

65 years and over: 9.75% (male 878,176/female 1,640,031) (2021 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 41.2

youth dependency ratio: 28

elderly dependency ratio: 13.2

potential support ratio: 7.6 (2020 est.)
Median agetotal: 34.6 years

male: 33.2 years

female: 36.2 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate0.49% (2021 est.)
Birth rate14.35 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate9.39 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Net migration rate-0.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Population distributionpopulation concentrated in the plains and lowlands; least populated regions are the mountainous provinces adjacent to the Chinese border; largest concentrations are in the western provinces, particularly the municipal district of Pyongyang, and around Hungnam and Wonsan in the east
Urbanizationurban population: 62.6% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.85% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Major cities - population3.108 million PYONGYANG (capital) (2021)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.53 male(s)/female

total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Maternal mortality rate89 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 22.42 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 25.2 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 19.47 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 71.65 years

male: 67.79 years

female: 75.74 years (2021 est.)
Total fertility rate1.91 children born/woman (2021 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate70.2% (2017)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 97.2% of population

rural: 90.2% of population

total: 94.5% of population

unimproved: urban: 2.8% of population

rural: 9.8% of population

total: 5.5% of population (2017 est.)
Physicians density3.68 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density13.2 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 91.9% of population

rural: 72.3% of population

total: 84.5% of population

unimproved: urban: 8.1% of population

rural: 27.7% of population

total: 15.5% of population (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Food insecuritywidespread lack of access: due to low food consumption levels, poor dietary diversity, and economic downturn - a large portion of the population suffers from low levels of food consumption and very poor dietary diversity; the economic constraints, particularly resulting from the global impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, have increased the population’s vulnerability to food insecurity; the food gap is estimated at about 860,000 mt in the 2020/21 marketing year (November/October); if this gap is not adequately covered through commercial imports and/or food aid, households could experience a harsh lean period, particularly from August until October, when the 2021 main season grain crops are expected to be available for consumption (2021)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6.8% (2016)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight9.3% (2017)
Education expendituresNA
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 100%

male: 100%

female: 100% (2015)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years

male: 11 years

female: 11 years (2015)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on September 18, 2021

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