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Niue Geography Profile 2018

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LocationOceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga
Geographic coordinates19 02 S, 169 52 W
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 260 sq km
land: 260 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline64 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; modified by southeast trade winds
Terrainsteep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation 1.4 km east of Hikutavake 80 m
Natural resourcesfish, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 19.1%
arable land 3.8%; permanent crops 11.5%; permanent pasture 3.8%
forest: 71.2%
other: 9.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Population distributionpopulation distributed around the peripheral coastal areas of the island
Natural hazardstropical cyclones
Environment - current issuesincreasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agriculture
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
Geography - noteone of world's largest coral islands; the only major break in the surrounding coral reef occurs in the central western part of the coast

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018