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Nigeria Geography Profile 2018

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LocationWestern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon
Geographic coordinates10 00 N, 8 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 923,768 sq km
land: 910,768 sq km
water: 13,000 sq km
Area - comparativeabout six times the size of Georgia; slightly more than twice the size of California
Land boundariestotal: 4,477 km
border countries (4): Benin 809 km, Cameroon 1,975 km, Chad 85 km, Niger 1,608 km
Coastline853 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climatevaries; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north
Terrainsouthern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 380 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m
Natural resourcesnatural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 78%
arable land 37.3%; permanent crops 7.4%; permanent pasture 33.3%
forest: 9.5%
other: 12.5% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land2,930 sq km (2012)
Population distributionlargest population of any African nation; significant population clusters are scattered throughout the country, with the highest density areas being in the south and southwest
Natural hazardsperiodic droughts; flooding
Environment - current issuessoil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution - water, air, and soil; has suffered serious damage from oil spills; loss of arable land; rapid urbanization
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe Niger River enters the country in the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta in the Gulf of Guinea

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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