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Navassa Island Geography Profile 2018

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LocationCaribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, 30 nm west of Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti
Geographic coordinates18 25 N, 75 02 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 5.4 sq km
land: 5.4 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeabout nine times the size of the National Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline8 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatemarine, tropical
Terrainraised flat to undulating coral and limestone plateau; ringed by vertical white cliffs (9 to 15 m high)
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: 200 m NNW of lighthouse 85 m
Natural resourcesguano (mining discontinued in 1898)
Land useagricultural land: 0%
arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 0%
other: 100% (2011 est.)
Natural hazardshurricanes
Environment - current issuessome coral bleaching
Geography - notestrategic location 160 km south of the US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; mostly exposed rock with numerous solution holes (limestone sinkholes) but with enough grassland to support goat herds; dense stands of fig trees, scattered cactus

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018