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Namibia Geography Profile 2018

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LocationSouthern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa
Geographic coordinates22 00 S, 17 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 824,292 sq km
land: 823,290 sq km
water: 1,002 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly more than half the size of Alaska
Land boundariestotal: 4,220 km
border countries (4): Angola 1,427 km, Botswana 1,544 km, South Africa 1,005 km, Zambia 244 km
Coastline1,572 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatedesert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic
Terrainmostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 1,141 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Konigstein on Brandberg 2,573 m
Natural resourcesdiamonds, copper, uranium, gold, silver, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, tungsten, zinc, salt, hydropower, fish
note: suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore
Land useagricultural land: 47.2%
arable land 1%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 46.2%
forest: 8.8%
other: 44% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land80 sq km (2012)
Population distributionpopulation density is very low, with the largest clustering found in the extreme north-central area along the border with Angola
Natural hazardsprolonged periods of drought
Environment - current issueslimited natural freshwater resources; desertification; wildlife poaching; land degradation has led to few conservation areas
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notefirst country in the world to incorporate the protection of the environment into its constitution; some 14% of the land is protected, including virtually the entire Namib Desert coastal strip

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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