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Mozambique Geography Profile 2018

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LocationSoutheastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania
Geographic coordinates18 15 S, 35 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 799,380 sq km
land: 786,380 sq km
water: 13,000 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly more than five times the size of Georgia; slightly less than twice the size of California
Land boundariestotal: 4,783 km
border countries (6): Malawi 1,498 km, South Africa 496 km, Swaziland 108 km, Tanzania 840 km, Zambia 439 km, Zimbabwe 1,402 km
Coastline2,470 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical to subtropical
Terrainmostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 345 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Monte Binga 2,436 m
Natural resourcescoal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite
Land useagricultural land: 56.3%
arable land 6.4%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 49.6%
forest: 43.7%
other: 0% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land1,180 sq km (2012)
Population distributionthree large populations clusters are found along the southern coast between Maputo and Inhambane, in the central area between Beira and Chimoio along the Zambezi River, and in and around the northern cities of Nampula, Cidade de Nacala, and Pemba; the northwest and southwest are the least populated areas
Natural hazardssevere droughts; devastating cyclones and floods in central and southern provinces
Environment - current issuesincreased migration of the population to urban and coastal areas with adverse environmental consequences; desertification; pollution of surface and coastal waters; elephant poaching for ivory is a problem
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe Zambezi River flows through the north-central and most fertile part of the country

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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