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Montserrat Geography Profile 2018

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LocationCaribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates16 45 N, 62 12 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 102 sq km
land: 102 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeabout 0.6 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline40 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation
Terrainvolcanic island, mostly mountainous, with small coastal lowland
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Soufriere Hills volcano pre-eruption height was 915 m; current lava dome is subject to periodic build up and collapse; estimated dome height was 1050 m in 2015
Natural resourcesNEGL
Land useagricultural land: 30%
arable land 20%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 10%
forest: 25%
other: 45% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Population distributiononly the northern half of the island is populated, the southern portion is uninhabitable due to volcanic activity
Natural hazardsvolcanic eruptions; severe hurricanes (June to November)
volcanism: Soufriere Hills volcano (915 m), has erupted continuously since 1995; a massive eruption in 1997 destroyed most of the capital, Plymouth, and resulted in approximately half of the island becoming uninhabitable; the island of Montserrat is part of the volcanic island arc of the Lesser Antilles that extends from Saba in the north to Grenada in the south
Environment - current issuesland erosion occurs on slopes that have been cleared for cultivation
Geography - notethe island is entirely volcanic in origin and comprised of three major volcanic centers of differing ages

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018