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Montenegro Geography Profile 2018

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LocationSoutheastern Europe, between the Adriatic Sea and Serbia
Geographic coordinates42 30 N, 19 18 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 13,812 sq km
land: 13,452 sq km
water: 360 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Connecticut
Land boundariestotal: 680 km
border countries (5): Albania 186 km, Bosnia and Herzegovina 242 km, Croatia 19 km, Kosovo 76 km, Serbia 157 km
Coastline293.5 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: defined by treaty
ClimateMediterranean climate, hot dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfalls inland
Terrainhighly indented coastline with narrow coastal plain backed by rugged high limestone mountains and plateaus
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 1,086 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Bobotov Kuk 2,522 m
Natural resourcesbauxite, hydroelectricity
Land useagricultural land: 38.2%
arable land 12.9%; permanent crops 1.2%; permanent pasture 24.1%
forest: 40.4%
other: 21.4% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land24 sq km (2012)
Population distributionhighest population density is concentrated in the south, southwest; the extreme eastern border is the least populated area
Natural hazardsdestructive earthquakes
Environment - current issuespollution of coastal waters from sewage outlets, especially in tourist-related areas such as Kotor
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notestrategic location along the Adriatic coast

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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