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Mongolia Demographics Profile 2018

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Population3,068,243
note: Mongolia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world (2 people per sq km); twice as many ethnic Mongols (some 6 million) live in Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol) in neighboring China (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 26.95% (male 421,675/female 405,298)
15-24 years: 16.09% (male 249,805/female 243,784)
25-54 years: 45.6% (male 677,679/female 721,435)
55-64 years: 7.07% (male 99,099/female 117,818)
65 years and over: 4.29% (male 53,364/female 78,286) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 48.5
youth dependency ratio: 42.7
elderly dependency ratio: 5.8
potential support ratio: 17.3 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 28.3 years
male: 27.5 years
female: 29.2 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.18% (2017 est.)
Birth rate18.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-0.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 73.6% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.23% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationULAANBAATAR (capital) 1.377 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.5 years
note: median age at first birth among women 20-24 (2008 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 21.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 24.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 17.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 69.9 years
male: 65.7 years
female: 74.4 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.09 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate54.6% (2013)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate<.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS<500 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<100 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 66.4% of population
rural: 59.2% of population
total: 64.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 33.6% of population
rural: 40.8% of population
total: 35.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 66.4% of population
rural: 42.6% of population
total: 59.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 33.6% of population
rural: 57.4% of population
total: 40.3% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Mongolian(s)
adjective: Mongolian
Ethnic groupsKhalkh 81.9%, Kazak 3.8%, Dorvod 2.7%, Bayad 2.1%, Buryat-Bouriates 1.7%, Zakhchin 1.2%, Dariganga 1%, Uriankhai 1%, other 4.6% (2010 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist 53%, Muslim 3%, Shamanist 2.9%, Christian 2.2%, other 0.4%, none 38.6% (2010 est.)
LanguagesMongolian 90% (official) (Khalkha dialect is predominant), Turkic, Russian (1999)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.4%
male: 98.2%
female: 98.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 16 years (2015)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 106,203
percentage: 18% (2005 est.)
Education expenditures4.6% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate44 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.6% (2013)
Health expenditures4.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.88 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density6.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate20.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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