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Monaco Geography Profile 2018

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LocationWestern Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France, near the border with Italy
Geographic coordinates43 44 N, 7 24 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 2 sq km
land: 2 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeabout three times the size of the National Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundariestotal: 6 km
border countries (1): France 6 km
Coastline4.1 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 12 nm
ClimateMediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers
Terrainhilly, rugged, rocky
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Chemin des R�voires on Mont Agel 162 m
Natural resourcesnone
Land useagricultural land: 1%
arable land 0%; permanent crops 1%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 0%
other: 99% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Population distributionthe most densely populated country in the world; its entire population living on 2 square km
Natural hazardsnone
Environment - current issuesNA no serious issues; actively monitors pollution levels in air and water
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notesecond-smallest independent state in the world (after the Holy See); smallest country with a coastline; almost entirely urban

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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