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Mauritius Geography Profile 2018

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LocationSouthern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, about 800 km (500 mi) east of Madagascar
Geographic coordinates20 17 S, 57 33 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 2,040 sq km
land: 2,030 sq km
water: 10 sq km
note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues
Area - comparativealmost 11 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline177 km
Maritime claimsmeasured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climatetropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)
Terrainsmall coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Piton 828 m
Natural resourcesarable land, fish
Land useagricultural land: 43.8%
arable land 38.4%; permanent crops 2%; permanent pasture 3.4%
forest: 17.3%
other: 38.9% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land190 sq km (2012)
Population distributionpopulation density is one of the highest in the world; urban cluster are found throught the main island, with a greater density in and around Port Luis; population on Rodrigues Island is spread across the island with a slightly denser cluster on the north coast
Natural hazardscyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards
Environment - current issueswater pollution, degradation of coral reefs
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe main island, from which the country derives its name, is of volcanic origin and is almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs; former home of the dodo, a large flightless bird related to pigeons, driven to extinction by the end of the 17th century through a combination of hunting and the introduction of predatory species

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018