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Islamic Republic of Mauritania

الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-Islāmīyah al-Mūrītānīyah
République Islamique de Mauritanie  (French)
Motto: شرف، إخاء، عدل (Arabic)
"Honor, Fraternity, Justice"
Anthem: النشيد الوطني الموريتاني
(English: "Country of the Proud, Guiding Noblemen")
Location of Mauritania (dark blue) in Africa
Location of Mauritania (dark blue) in Africa
Capital
and largest city
Nouakchott
18°09′N15°58′W / 18.150°N 15.967°W / 18.150; -15.967
Official languagesArabic
Recognised national languagesFrench
Other languages
Ethnic groups
Religion
Islam
Demonym(s)Mauritanian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialIslamic republic
Mohamed Ould Ghazouani
Mohammed Ould Bilal
Cheikh Ahmed Baye[2]
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence
• from France
28 November 1960
• Current constitution
12 July 1991
Area
• Total
1,030,000 km2 (400,000 sq mi)[3] (28th)
• Water (%)
0.03
Population
• 2018 estimate
4,403,313[4][5]
• 2013 census
3,537,368[3]
• Density
3.4/km2 (8.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$18.117 billion[6] (134th)
• Per capita
$4,563[6] (140th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$5.200 billion[6] (154th)
• Per capita
$1,309[6] (149th)
Gini (2008)40.5[7]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.527[8]
low · 161st
CurrencyOuguiya (MRU)
Time zoneUTC (GMT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+222
ISO 3166 codeMR
Internet TLD.mr
  1. According to Article 6 of the Constitution: "The national languages are Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, and Wolof; the official language is Arabic."

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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