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Marshall Islands Geography Profile 2018

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LocationOceania, two archipelagic island chains of 29 atolls, each made up of many small islets, and five single islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and Australia
Geographic coordinates9 00 N, 168 00 E
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 181 sq km
land: 181 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: the archipelago includes 11,673 sq km of lagoon waters and encompasses the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, Kwajalein, Majuro, Rongelap, and Utirik
Area - comparativeabout the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline370.4 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; hot and humid; wet season May to November; islands border typhoon belt
Terrainlow coral limestone and sand islands
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 2 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: East-central Airik Island, Maloelap Atoll 14 m
Natural resourcescoconut products, marine products, deep seabed minerals
Land useagricultural land: 50.7%
arable land 7.8%; permanent crops 31.2%; permanent pasture 11.7%
forest: 49.3%
other: 0% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost people live in urban clusters found on many of the country's islands; more than two-thirds of the population lives on the atolls of Majuro and Ebeye
Natural hazardsinfrequent typhoons
Environment - current issuesinadequate supplies of potable water; pollution of Majuro lagoon from household waste and discharges from fishing vessels
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe islands of Bikini and Enewetak are former US nuclear test sites; Kwajalein atoll, famous as a World War II battleground, surrounds the world's largest lagoon and is used as a US missile test range; the island city of Ebeye is the second largest settlement in the Marshall Islands, after the capital of Majuro, and one of the most densely populated locations in the Pacific

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018