Thematic Map > Total fertility rate - Europe

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Definition: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers. Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families, in some situations, to feed and educate their children and for women to enter the labor force. Rates below two children indicate populations decreasing in size and growing older. Global fertility rates are in general decline and this trend is most pronounced in industrialized countries, especially Western Europe, where populations are projected to decline dramatically over the next 50 years.

Description: The map displayed here shows how Total fertility rate varies by country. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. The darker the shade, the higher the value.

Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 1, 2018

See also: Total fertility rate bar chart

 

CountryTotal fertility rate (children born/woman)Year
France22017
Turkey22017
Iceland22017
Ireland22017
United Kingdom22017
Sweden22017
Norway22017
Netherlands22017
Belgium22017
Finland22017
Denmark22017
Liechtenstein22017
Luxembourg22017
Macedonia22017
Estonia22017
Lithuania22017
Moldova22017
Switzerland22017
Malta22017
Ukraine22017
Portugal22017
Monaco22017
Latvia22017
Albania22017
San Marino22017
Spain22017
Belarus12017
Austria12017
Bulgaria12017
Hungary12017
Germany12017
Czech Republic12017
Serbia12017
Italy12017
Greece12017
Slovakia12017
Croatia12017
Andorra12017
Slovenia12017
Romania12017
Poland12017
Bosnia and Herzegovina12017