Thematic Map > Total fertility rate - Europe

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Definition: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers. Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families, in some situations, to feed and educate their children and for women to enter the labor force. Rates below two children indicate populations decreasing in size and growing older. Global fertility rates are in general decline and this trend is most pronounced in industrialized countries, especially Western Europe, where populations are projected to decline dramatically over the next 50 years.

Description: The map displayed here shows how Total fertility rate varies by country. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. The darker the shade, the higher the value.

Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 1, 2019

See also: Total fertility rate bar chart

 

CountryTotal fertility rate (children born/woman)Year
France22018
Turkey22018
Iceland22018
Ireland22018
United Kingdom22018
Sweden22018
Norway22018
Netherlands22018
Belgium22018
Denmark22018
Finland22018
Liechtenstein22018
Luxembourg22018
Lithuania22018
Estonia22018
Slovenia22018
Moldova22018
Switzerland22018
Ukraine22018
Monaco22018
Latvia22018
Albania22018
San Marino22018
Spain22018
Belarus12018
Macedonia12018
Malta12018
Austria12018
Bulgaria12018
Czech Republic12018
Germany12018
Hungary12018
Italy12018
Serbia12018
Greece12018
Slovakia12018
Croatia12018
Andorra12018
Portugal12018
Romania12018
Poland12018
Bosnia and Herzegovina12018