Thematic Map > Total fertility rate - Europe

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Definition: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers. Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families, in some situations, to feed and educate their children and for women to enter the labor force. Rates below two children indicate populations decreasing in size and growing older. Global fertility rates are in general decline and this trend is most pronounced in industrialized countries, especially Western Europe, where populations are projected to decline dramatically over the next 50 years.

Description: The map displayed here shows how Total fertility rate varies by country. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. The darker the shade, the higher the value.

Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 1, 2017

See also: Total fertility rate bar chart

 

CountryTotal fertility rate (children born/woman)Year
France22016
Turkey22016
Iceland22016
Ireland22016
United Kingdom22016
Sweden22016
Norway22016
Netherlands22016
Belgium22016
Finland22016
Denmark22016
Liechtenstein22016
Luxembourg22016
Macedonia22016
Estonia22016
Lithuania22016
Moldova22016
Malta22016
Switzerland22016
Ukraine22016
Portugal22016
Monaco22016
Latvia22016
Albania22016
San Marino22016
Spain12016
Belarus12016
Austria12016
Bulgaria12016
Hungary12016
Germany12016
Serbia12016
Italy12016
Greece12016
Slovakia12016
Croatia12016
Andorra12016
Slovenia12016
Romania12016
Poland12016
Bosnia and Herzegovina12016