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Malta Geography Profile 2018

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LocationSouthern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)
Geographic coordinates35 50 N, 14 35 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 316 sq km
land: 316 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline196.8 km (excludes 56 km for the island of Gozo)
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
ClimateMediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers
Terrainmostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Ta'Dmejrek on Dingli Cliffs 253 m
Natural resourceslimestone, salt, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 32.3%
arable land 28.4%; permanent crops 3.9%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 0.9%
other: 66.8% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land35 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the population lives on the eastern half of Malta, the largest of the three inhabited islands
Natural hazardsoccasional droughts
Environment - current issueslimited natural freshwater resources; increasing reliance on desalination
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018