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Maldives Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
392,473 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 21.62% (male 43,293 /female 41,563)
15-24 years: 19.15% (male 42,849 /female 32,326)
25-54 years: 48.47% (male 106,083 /female 84,160)
55-64 years: 6.22% (male 11,888 /female 12,540)
65 years and over: 4.53% (male 8,101 /female 9,670) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 38 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 32.3 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 5.7 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 17.7 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 28.6 years (2018 est.)
male: 28.4 years
female: 28.8 years
Population growth rate
-0.06% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
16.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-12.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 40.2% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 2.93% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
177,000 MALE (capital) (2018)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.33 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.26 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 1.18 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
24.5 years (2009 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 21.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 23.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 18.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 76 years (2018 est.)
male: 73.7 years
female: 78.5 years
Total fertility rate
1.72 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
34.7% (2009)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 97.9% of population
total: 98.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 2.1% of population
total: 1.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 97.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 98.3% of population (2015 est.)
total: 97.9% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 1.7% of population (2015 est.)
total: 2.1% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Maldivian(s)
adjective: Maldivian
Ethnic groups
homogeneous mixture of Sinhalese, Dravidian, Arab, Australasian, and African resulting from historical changes in regional hegemony over marine trade routes
Religions
Sunni Muslim (official)
Languages
Dhivehi (official, dialect of Sinhala, script derived from Arabic), English (spoken by most government officials)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.3%
male: 99.8%
female: 98.8% (2015 est.)
Education expenditures
4.3% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate
53 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
17.7% (2009)
Health expenditures
11.5% (2015)
Physicians density
1.04 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
4.3 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
8.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019