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Malaysia Demographics Profile

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Population
32,652,083 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 26.8% (male 4,504,562/female 4,246,681)
15-24 years: 16.63% (male 2,760,244/female 2,670,186)
25-54 years: 40.86% (male 6,737,826/female 6,604,776)
55-64 years: 8.81% (male 1,458,038/female 1,418,280)
65 years and over: 6.9% (male 1,066,627/female 1,184,863) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 44.2
youth dependency ratio: 33.8
elderly dependency ratio: 10.4
potential support ratio: 9.7 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 29.2 years
male: 28.9 years
female: 29.6 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
1.29% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
18.3 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 77.2% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 2.13% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
7.997 million KUALA LUMPUR (capital), 1.024 million Johor Bahru, 814,000 Ipoh (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 102.5 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 11.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.9 years
male: 73 years
female: 78.9 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.43 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
52.2% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.4% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
88,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
2,700 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 89.3% of population
total: 96.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 11.7% of population
total: 3.3% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.7% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.3% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: intermediate (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever
water contact diseases: leptospirosis
Nationality
noun: Malaysian(s)
adjective: Malaysian
Ethnic groups
Bumiputera 62% (Malays and indigenous peoples, including Orang Asli, Dayak, Anak Negeri), Chinese 20.6%, Indian 6.2%, other 0.9%, non-citizens 10.3% (2017 est.)
Religions
Muslim (official) 61.3%, Buddhist 19.8%, Christian 9.2%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 1.3%, other 0.4%, none 0.8%, unspecified 1% (2010 est.)
Languages
Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai

note: Malaysia has 134 living languages - 112 indigenous languages and 22 non-indigenous languages; in East Malaysia, there are several indigenous languages; the most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.7%
male: 96.3%
female: 91.1% (2016)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2017)
Education expenditures
4.7% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
29 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
13.7% (2016)
Health expenditures
3.9% (2017)
Physicians density
1.54 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density
1.9 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
15.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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