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Malaysia Demographics Profile 2018

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Population31,381,992 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 27.83% (male 4,493,084/female 4,238,991)
15-24 years: 16.81% (male 2,677,834/female 2,598,958)
25-54 years: 41% (male 6,507,499/female 6,358,762)
55-64 years: 8.27% (male 1,316,331/female 1,277,558)
65 years and over: 6.1% (male 907,850/female 1,005,125) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 44.6
youth dependency ratio: 36.1
elderly dependency ratio: 8.5
potential support ratio: 11.8 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 28.5 years
male: 28.2 years
female: 28.8 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.37% (2017 est.)
Birth rate19.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate5.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 76% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.19% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationKUALA LUMPUR (capital) 6.837 million; Johor Bahru 912,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 12.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.2 years
male: 72.4 years
female: 78.2 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.5 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate52.2% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS97,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths7,000 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 98.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 1.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 96.1% of population
rural: 95.9% of population
total: 96% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.9% of population
rural: 4.1% of population
total: 4% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Malaysian(s)
adjective: Malaysian
Ethnic groupsBumiputera 61.7% (Malays and indigenous peoples, including Orang Asli, Dayak, Anak Negeri), Chinese 20.8%, Indian 6.2%, other 0.9%, non-citizens 10.4% (2017 est.)
ReligionsMuslim (official) 61.3%, Buddhist 19.8%, Christian 9.2%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 1.3%, other 0.4%, none 0.8%, unspecified 1% (2010 est.)
LanguagesBahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai
note: Malaysia has 134 living languages - 112 indigenous languages and 22 non-indigenous languages; in East Malaysia there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.6%
male: 96.2%
female: 93.2% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2015)
Education expenditures5% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate40 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight12.4% (2015)
Health expenditures4.2% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.28 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density1.9 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate15.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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