Flag of Malawi

Malawi Geography Profile 2018

Home > Factbook > Countries > Malawi

LocationSouthern Africa, east of Zambia, west and north of Mozambique
Geographic coordinates13 30 S, 34 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 118,484 sq km
land: 94,080 sq km
water: 24,404 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Pennsylvania
Land boundariestotal: 2,857 km
border countries (3): Mozambique 1,498 km, Tanzania 512 km, Zambia 847 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatesub-tropical; rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November)
Terrainnarrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 779 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: junction of the Shire River and international boundary with Mozambique 37 m
highest point: Sapitwa (Mount Mlanje) 3,002 m
Natural resourceslimestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite
Land useagricultural land: 59.2%
arable land 38.2%; permanent crops 1.4%; permanent pasture 19.6%
forest: 34%
other: 6.8% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land740 sq km (2012)
Population distributionpopulation density is highest south of Lake Nyasa
Natural hazardsflooding; droughts; earthquakes
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; land degradation; water pollution from agricultural runoff, sewage, industrial wastes; siltation of spawning grounds endangers fish populations
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Geography - notelandlocked; Lake Nyasa, some 580 km long, is the country's most prominent physical feature; it contains more fish species than any other lake on earth

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

Geography Comparison