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Macedonia Demographics Profile 2018

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Population2,103,721 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.17% (male 187,063/female 174,196)
15-24 years: 13.41% (male 145,716/female 136,444)
25-54 years: 43.6% (male 465,862/female 451,321)
55-64 years: 12.41% (male 128,024/female 132,955)
65 years and over: 13.41% (male 121,019/female 161,121) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 41.6
youth dependency ratio: 23.8
elderly dependency ratio: 17.7
potential support ratio: 5.6 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 37.9 years
male: 36.8 years
female: 39 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.17% (2017 est.)
Birth rate11.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate9.2 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 57.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.24% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationSKOPJE (capital) 503,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.08 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth26.8 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 7.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.4 years
male: 73.8 years
female: 79.2 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.6 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate40.2% (2011)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate<.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS<500 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<100 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 98.9% of population
total: 99.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 1.1% of population
total: 0.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97.2% of population
rural: 82.6% of population
total: 90.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.8% of population
rural: 17.4% of population
total: 9.1% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Macedonian(s)
adjective: Macedonian
Ethnic groupsMacedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Romani 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2% (2002 est.)
note: Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 6.5–13% of Macedonia’s population
ReligionsMacedonian Orthodox 64.8%, Muslim 33.3%, other Christian 0.4%, other and unspecified 1.5% (2002 est.)
LanguagesMacedonian (official) 66.5%, Albanian 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Romani 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 est.)
note: minority languages are co-official with Macedonian in municipalities where they are spoken by at least 20% of the population; Albanian is co-official in Tetovo, Brvenica, Vrapciste, and other municipalities; Turkish is co-official in Centar Zupa and Plasnica; Romani is co-official in Suto Orizari; Aromanian is co-official in Drusevo; Serbian is co-official in Cucer Sandevo
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.8%
male: 98.8%
female: 96.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 16,782
percentage: 6% (2005 est.)
Maternal mortality rate8 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.3% (2011)
Health expenditures6.5% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.8 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density4.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate22.4% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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