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Lithuania Geography Profile 2018

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LocationEastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia, west of Belarus
Geographic coordinates56 00 N, 24 00 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 65,300 sq km
land: 62,680 sq km
water: 2,620 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly larger than West Virginia
Land boundariestotal: 1,549 km
border countries (4): Belarus 640 km, Latvia 544 km, Poland 104 km, Russia (Kaliningrad) 261 km
Coastline90 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
Climatetransitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers
Terrainlowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 110 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
highest point: Aukstojas 294 m
Natural resourcespeat, arable land, amber
Land useagricultural land: 44.8%
arable land 34.9%; permanent crops 0.5%; permanent pasture 9.4%
forest: 34.6%
other: 20.6% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land44 sq km (2012)
Population distributionfairly even population distribution throughout the country, but somewhat greater concentrations in the southern cities of Vilnius and Kaunas, and the western port of Klaipeda
Natural hazardsoccasional floods, droughts
Environment - current issuescontamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notefertile central plains are separated by hilly uplands that are ancient glacial deposits

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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