Flag of Liberia

Liberia Geography Profile 2018

Home > Factbook > Countries > Liberia

LocationWestern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone
Geographic coordinates6 30 N, 9 30 W
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 111,369 sq km
land: 96,320 sq km
water: 15,049 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly larger than Tennessee
Land boundariestotal: 1,667 km
border countries (3): Guinea 590 km, Cote d'Ivoire 778 km, Sierra Leone 299 km
Coastline579 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 200 nm
Climatetropical; hot, humid; dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers
Terrainmostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in northeast
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 243 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Wuteve 1,447 m
Natural resourcesiron ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower
Land useagricultural land: 28.1%
arable land 5.2%; permanent crops 2.1%; permanent pasture 20.8%
forest: 44.6%
other: 27.3% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land30 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmore than half of the population lives in urban areas, with approximately one-third living within an 80-km radius of Monrovia
Natural hazardsdust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to March)
Environment - current issuestropical rain forest deforestation; soil erosion; loss of biodiversity; pollution of coastal waters from oil residue and raw sewage
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation
Geography - notefacing the Atlantic Ocean, the coastline is characterized by lagoons, mangrove swamps, and river-deposited sandbars; the inland grassy plateau supports limited agriculture

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

Geography Comparison