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Liberia Demographics Profile 2018

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Population4,689,021 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 43.82% (male 1,038,452/female 1,016,491)
15-24 years: 19.56% (male 457,806/female 459,289)
25-54 years: 30.33% (male 699,879/female 722,244)
55-64 years: 3.43% (male 82,616/female 78,003)
65 years and over: 2.86% (male 65,979/female 68,262) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 83.2
youth dependency ratio: 77.6
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5
potential support ratio: 18.1 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 17.8 years
male: 17.5 years
female: 18 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate2.5% (2017 est.)
Birth rate38.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate7.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-5.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 50.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.24% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationMONROVIA (capital) 1.264 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.2 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 52.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 56.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 47.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 63.3 years
male: 61.2 years
female: 65.5 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate5.06 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate20.2% (2013)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.6% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS43,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths2,800 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 88.6% of population
rural: 62.6% of population
total: 75.6% of population
urban: 11.4% of population
rural: 37.4% of population
total: 24.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 28% of population
rural: 5.9% of population
total: 16.9% of population
urban: 72% of population
rural: 94.1% of population
total: 83.1% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Liberian(s)
adjective: Liberian
Ethnic groupsKpelle 20.3%, Bassa 13.4%, Grebo 10%, Gio 8%, Mano 7.9%, Kru 6%, Lorma 5.1%, Kissi 4.8%, Gola 4.4%, other 20.1% (2008 Census)
ReligionsChristian 85.6%, Muslim 12.2%, Traditional 0.6%, other 0.2%, none 1.4% (2008 Census)
Demographic profileLiberia’s high fertility rate of nearly 5 children per woman and large youth cohort – more than 60% of the population is under the age of 25 – will sustain a high dependency ratio for many years to come. Significant progress has been made in preventing child deaths, despite a lack of health care workers and infrastructure. Infant and child mortality have dropped nearly 70% since 1990; the annual reduction rate of about 5.4% is the highest in Africa.
Nevertheless, Liberia’s high maternal mortality rate remains among the world’s worst; it reflects a high unmet need for family planning services, frequency of early childbearing, lack of quality obstetric care, high adolescent fertility, and a low proportion of births attended by a medical professional. Female mortality is also increased by the prevalence of female genital cutting (FGC), which is practiced by 10 of Liberia’s 16 tribes and affects more than two-thirds of women and girls. FGC is an initiation ritual performed in rural bush schools, which teach traditional beliefs on marriage and motherhood and are an obstacle to formal classroom education for Liberian girls.
Liberia has been both a source and a destination for refugees. During Liberia’s 14-year civil war (1989-2003), more than 250,000 people became refugees and another half million were internally displaced. Between 2004 and the cessation of refugee status for Liberians in June 2012, the UNHCR helped more than 155,000 Liberians to voluntarily repatriate, while others returned home on their own. Some Liberian refugees spent more than two decades living in other West African countries. Liberia hosted more than 125,000 Ivoirian refugees escaping post-election violence in 2010-11; as of mid-2017, about 12,000 Ivoirian refugees were still living in Liberia as of October 2017 because of instability.
LanguagesEnglish 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages few of which can be written or used in correspondence
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 47.6%
male: 62.4%
female: 32.8% (2015 est.)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 177,160
percentage: 21% (2007 est.)
Education expenditures2.8% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate725 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight15.3% (2013)
Health expenditures10% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.01 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density0.8 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate9.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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