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Liberia Demographics Profile

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Population
5,073,296 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 43.35% (male 1,111,479/female 1,087,871)
15-24 years: 20.35% (male 516,136/female 516,137)
25-54 years: 30.01% (male 747,983/female 774,615)
55-64 years: 3.46% (male 89,150/female 86,231)
65 years and over: 2.83% (male 70,252/female 73,442) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 77.6
youth dependency ratio: 71.7
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9
potential support ratio: 17 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 18 years
male: 17.7 years
female: 18.2 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
2.71% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
37.3 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
7 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-2.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 52.1% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.41% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
1.517 million MONROVIA (capital) (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female
total population: 99.9 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
19.2 years (2013 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 47.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 51.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 43.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 64.7 years
male: 62.5 years
female: 67 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
4.9 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
31.2% (2016)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
1.5% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
47,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
1,900 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 93.8% of population
rural: 67.9% of population
total: 81% of population
unimproved: urban: 6.2% of population
rural: 32.1% of population
total: 19% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 64.1% of population
rural: 23.5% of population
total: 44.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 35.9% of population
rural: 76.5% of population
total: 55.9% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
animal contact diseases: rabies
aerosolized dust or soil contact diseases: Lassa fever
Nationality
noun: Liberian(s)
adjective: Liberian
Ethnic groups
Kpelle 20.3%, Bassa 13.4%, Grebo 10%, Gio 8%, Mano 7.9%, Kru 6%, Lorma 5.1%, Kissi 4.8%, Gola 4.4%, Krahn 4%, Vai 4%, Mandingo 3.2%, Gbandi 3%, Mende 1.3%, Sapo 1.3%, other Liberian 1.7%, other African 1.4%, non-African .1% (2008 est.)
Religions
Christian 85.6%, Muslim 12.2%, Traditional 0.6%, other 0.2%, none 1.5% (2008 est.)
Demographic profile

Liberia’s high fertility rate of nearly 5 children per woman and large youth cohort – more than 60% of the population is under the age of 25 – will sustain a high dependency ratio for many years to come. Significant progress has been made in preventing child deaths, despite a lack of health care workers and infrastructure. Infant and child mortality have dropped nearly 70% since 1990; the annual reduction rate of about 5.4% is the highest in Africa.

Nevertheless, Liberia’s high maternal mortality rate remains among the world’s worst; it reflects a high unmet need for family planning services, frequency of early childbearing, lack of quality obstetric care, high adolescent fertility, and a low proportion of births attended by a medical professional. Female mortality is also increased by the prevalence of female genital cutting (FGC), which is practiced by 10 of Liberia’s 16 tribes and affects more than two-thirds of women and girls. FGC is an initiation ritual performed in rural bush schools, which teach traditional beliefs on marriage and motherhood and are an obstacle to formal classroom education for Liberian girls.

Liberia has been both a source and a destination for refugees. During Liberia’s 14-year civil war (1989-2003), more than 250,000 people became refugees and another half million were internally displaced. Between 2004 and the cessation of refugee status for Liberians in June 2012, the UNHCR helped more than 155,000 Liberians to voluntarily repatriate, while others returned home on their own. Some Liberian refugees spent more than two decades living in other West African countries. Liberia hosted more than 125,000 Ivoirian refugees escaping post-election violence in 2010-11; as of mid-2017, about 12,000 Ivoirian refugees were still living in Liberia as of October 2017 because of instability.

Languages
English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages few of which can be written or used in correspondence
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 48.3%
male: 62.7%
female: 34.1% (2017)
Education expenditures
3.8% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
661 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
13.6% (2016)
Health expenditures
8.2% (2017)
Physicians density
0.04 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density
0.8 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
9.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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